MANDATE: The Federal Department of Agriculture (FDA) has the primary mandate to fix the food and fibre crops value chains, improve farm productivity, for food security and Nutrition, increased incomes and job creation as well as improve the quality of life of farm families through Crops Production, Cottage Development, Tractorization, Processing and packaging, and Micro Irrigations.

2.0 FUNCTIONS:

 2.1   The major functions of the Department are as follows:

  1. i) Evolving policies and fix the value chains for the crops sub-sector.

ii)Advising on policy matters.

iii) Identifying, designing and implementing programs and projects in collaboration with states and LGAs as well as the Donor Agencies and the private sector.

  1. iv) Promoting and fixing the value chains for Tree, Arable and Horticultural crops.
  2. v) Evolving and Promoting   Engineering, Mechanization,   Micro Irrigation Agriculture,   Cottage processing and   packaging as well as   Renewable Energy policies.
  3. vi) Developing and promoting   improved storage and on-   farm agro-processing   technologies for Post-   Harvest Food loss   prevention.

vii) Promoting Home   Economics, Nutrition,   Gender-sensitive and   women related programs in   Agriculture.

2.1. The Department is focused to:

  1. i) Treat agriculture as a business and no longer as a development program
  2. ii) Concentrate on Value Chains where Nigeria has comparative advantage; and

iii) Develop strategic partnerships to stimulate investment to drive a market led agricultural transformation through States and LGAs, inter-ministerial collaboration, private sector, farmers’ groups, donor agencies and civil societies.

2.2   The Divisions in the Department are

  1. I) TREE CROPS DIVISION: Tree crops Division constitute important component in meeting both domestic and Industrial requirements of the nation’s agricultural economy. The specific objectives of the Division are to Increase production through rehabilitation, replanting and new planting of Tree crops, increase productivity through the use of improved planting materials, build capacities of farmers and processors on Good Agronomic and Manufacturing Practices, Increase local consumption of products through value addition and Ensure adequate raw materials for local and international processing companies. The major Crop-based Value chains under this Division being implemented include: Cashew, Cocoa, Oil Palm, Shea, Gum Arabic, Coconut and Rubber and Castor.
  2. II) Oil Seeds Legumes and Fibre Division: Oil seeds (sesame, soybean), legumes (groundnut, cowpea) and fibre crops (cotton, kenaf, jute) division covers an array of oilseed crops that are imperative because they contribute to the edible oil requirements of the country while the legumes add to the protein requirements of the country. The fibre crops in this section provides employment and raw materials for the textile industries. Oilseeds, legumes and fibre crops are also source of foreign exchange to the country and therefore contribute significantly to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. The overall policy objective of oilseeds, legumes and fibre Division is to increase production efficiency, creation of employment opportunities and markets. The Value Chains under this are Cotton, Kenaf, Sesame, Groundnut, Cowpea and Soybean.

III) Cereals & Field Crops Division: This Division is billed with the responsibility of currently and vigorously promoting the production and processing cereal crops. Carbohydrates, mainly starch, are the dominant nutrient element in cereal crops. The Crop Value Chains under this Division are Rice, Maize, Wheat, Sorghum, Millet & Sugarcane

  1. IV) Root & Tuber Crops Division: This Division is responsible for providing a substantial part of Nigeria’s food supply and are also very important source of animal feed and industrial products. In Nigeria close to 70% of the root and tuber production is consumed as food while the rest are used as animal feed and industrial processing such as Cassava. The overall objective of this Division is to improve the efficiency of primary production of tuber crops. The Value Chains under this are Cassava, Sweet & Irish Potato, Yam and Ginger
  2. V) Horticulture Division: This Division is also billed with responsibility producing of tropical fruits and vegetables. The fresh fruit and vegetable component has been extensively propagated in other to ensure exportation policies are met. The major objective of this Division is to Increase production of selected horticultural crops such as Tomato, Onions, Irrvingia, Mango, Pineapple, Okro, Pawpaw, Telfania, Carrot, Citrus, Moringa, Pepper, Garlic, Arteminia, Cabbage, Honey Bee Pollination Services, and Honey Production. The Value Chains here are Honey Bee Pollination Services, Artemisia, Tomatoes, Onion and Hibiscus.
  3. VI) Mechanization & Engineering Division: Mechanization is considered to be pivotal to the success of Nigerian Agriculture, to this end, the Division is primed with the responsibility of is aimed at increasing farmer’s access to tractorization services without necessarily owning a tractor by setting up of Agricultural Equipment Hiring Enterprises (AEHEs) in demand driven locations in Nigeria through a Government enabled Private Sector driven mechanization platform. These AEHEs encourage Nigerian farmers to transit from the use of crude implements to the use of mechanized agro-machineries while also encouraging youths to take up agriculture as business without necessarily being hindered by the poor resource base and inability to own an equipment in order to mechanize their operations as they can hire from the AEHEs. Agricultural Mechanics and Machinery Operators Training Centre (AMMOTRAC) is an establishment, under the Engineering and Mechanization Division, Federal Department of Agriculture. Its aim is to train Agricultural mechanics and machinery operators on the techniques of operations, maintenance and repair of Agricultural machines and equipment. 

VII) Irrigation Agriculture and Crop Developments Division: The Division serves crop production in areas of harvesting, handling, processing, storage and packaging at small scale level to produce quality grains, paddy, cereals, and tubers to feed the large scale processors (industry) and marketers. The enumerated service(s) to crops development is accomplished through the following enumerated activities:

(a) Identification and popularization of improved agricultural equipment through sale on subsidy to farmers/processors, (b) establishment of cottage factory for the potential investors (processors) on Public Private Partnership Programme (stakeholders, FG as facilitators, beneficiary as processor, Bank of Industry as fund custodian/administrator, contractor as developer, (c) Promotion of cold storage equipment for horticulture crops. Irrigation Agriculture focuses on development of small scale irrigation to address all year round production of valuable crops.

VIII) Agric Development and Higher Education Division: 

viii) Nutrition, Food Safety and Crop Protection Division: This Division is aimed at integrating nutrition along agricultural value chains. The Ministry believes that the economic goal of any nation is to produce the best possible human resources, citizens who are mentally and physically fit to be productive and to participate in the national development. The main objective is to ensure nutrition security.

3.0 POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENT

  1. i) Policies formulation for the development of the Crops Sub-sector
  2. ii) Provide advice on matters affecting agricultural development in the country.

iii) Identifying, designing and implementing programmes and projects in collaboration with the states and LGAs.

  1. iv) Promoting and strengthening the value chains for Trees, Arable and Horticultural crops.
  2. v) Promoting the use of Agricultural technology in line with the best practices to advance agricultural development.
  3. vi) Promoting agricultural Mechanization, Farm Power utilization and small scale effective water utilization (irrigation) in agricultural practices. 

vii) Developing and promoting improved Storage handling, Agro-Processing and other Technologies for Post-Harvest food Loss prevention.

viii) Promoting Home Economics, Nutrition, Gender mainstreaming and women related programmes in Agriculture.